A Green Party Introduction
The Green Party of the United States was founded in 2001 as a national party, after U.S. Greens spent the 1980s and 1990s building on the local and state level.
Today, almost 160 Greens in 19 states hold elected office across the nation. At the state level, there are two Greens in the Maine House of Representatives: Ralph Chapman, representing District 133, and Henry John Bear, representing the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians.
The Green Party of the United States does not have individual membership, but has 46 affiliated state party members, plus the District of Columbia, and five organized caucuses. Different states have varying laws and party rules that define membership. In the 31 states (+ DC) that have partisan registration, 22 (+ DC) allow for, and report, Green Party registration numbers. In 2016 there were 257,000 registered Greens in these states.
Many thousands more identify themselves as Green in states that don’t have voter registration by party membership. Greens are organized in all 50 states, as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. In the 2016 general election, the Green Party had ballot lines in 34 states plus DC, including the seven largest states. Voters in three additional states could write in our presidential candidate. Jill Stein, our 2016 presidential candidate, got 1.5 million votes (1.1%).
Internationally, U.S. Greens are part of a global movement of Green Parties in almost 100 countries, reflecting a shared commitment to heal our planet that transcends national identities and political boundaries.
Greens have run for office since the first Green Parties were founded in Tasmania and New Zealand in 1972. Since then, Greens have been elected to thousands of seats around the globe in local, regional, national and international parliaments. On the national level, Greens currently hold over 300 seats around the globe, including seats in European nations and in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Congo, México, Mongolia, New Zealand and Vanuatu. This number includes 50 Greens holding seats in the European Parliament. In 2017, Katrín Jakobsdóttir of the Left-Green Movement was elected the Prime Minister of Iceland.
Most Greens elected at the regional, national or international level have been elected in multi-seat electorates (districts/constituencies/ridings) through systems of proportional representation. However Greens have increasingly been winning direct election in single seat electorates, including Elizabeth May to the Canadian House of Commons and Caroline Lucas to the British House of Commons – both elected first in 2010 and re-elected in 2015. Mike Schreiner, leader of the Green Party of Ontario, recently became the first Green MPP ever elected into the provincial legislature in Ontario, winning 45% of the vote.
The Green Party of the United States participates as a member of the Federación de Partidos Verdes de las Americas, and globally as a charter member of the Global Greens. The next Global Greens Congress will be in Asia in 2022, and will be the fifth Congress of Global Greens, following Congresses in Australia (2001), Brazil (2008), Senegal (2012) and England (2017).
Ten Key Values
- GRASSROOTS DEMOCRACY. New types of political organizations will expand the process of participatory democracy by directly including citizens in the decision-making process.
- SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. All persons should have the rights and opportunity to benefit equally from the resources afforded us by society and the environment.
- ECOLOGICAL WISDOM. A sustainable society utilizing resources will insure that future generations will benefit and avoid dire consequences from wasteful resource management.
- NON-VIOLENCE. Without being naive about the intentions of other governments, we will work to demilitarize and eliminate weapons of mass destruction. National security is more reliant on diplomacy and good stewardship.
- DECENTRALIZATION. Restructuring of social, political and economic institutions is required to fix a system that is mired in bureaucracy, and controlled by a powerful few.
- COMMUNITY-BASED ECONOMICS AND ECONOMIC JUSTICE. A vibrant and sustainable economic system is rooted in independently owned small businesses. Government must do more to assist socially and economically responsible businesses.
- FEMINISM AND GENDER EQUITY. Respecting differences of opinion and gender strengthen our country and communities.
- RESPECT FOR DIVERSITY. High value must be placed on cultural, ethnic, racial, sexual, religious and spiritual diversity.
- PERSONAL AND GLOBAL RESPONSIBILITY. Individuals should be encouraged to improve their personal wellbeing and join with people and organizations around the world to foster peace, economic justice, and the health of the planet.
- FUTURE FOCUS AND SUSTAINABILITY. Short-term profits should not damage long-term economic development and new technologies. Fiscal policies must be held to account for implications to future generations.
Contacting the Green Party
Steering Committee (spokespeople): firstname.lastname@example.org
National Office: PO Box 57065, Washington, D.C. 20037 202-319-7191, email@example.com
Green Party on Social Media:
Green Party Weblinks
Green Party Homepage: http://www.gp.org
Green Platform: http://www.gp.org/platform
Green Candidate Database & Campaign Information: https://www.gpelections.org/
Green Party News Center: http://www.gp.org/newsroom
Green Papers: http://www.greenpapers.net/
GP-TV Green Party Livestream Channel: http://www.gp.org/greenstream
Green Pages: http://greenpagesnews.org
Green Party Ballot Access Page: http://www.gp.org/ballot_access
Recent Press Releases
The Green Party, preparing for its 2018 Annual National Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah, July 19-22, calls for renewable energy
Green Party Statement on Child Separations in Immigration Cases
Green Party Calls for Action in Response to UN Report on Poverty in the U.S.
Green Party Endorses Women's March on the Pentagon